How Android Modifies Page Elements with JavaScript Language


This article mainly introduces the related knowledge of how Android uses JavaScript language to modify page elements. The content is detailed and easy to understand, the operation is simple and quick, and it has certain reference value. I believe everyone will gain something after reading this article on how Android uses JavaScript language to modify page elements. Let's take a look at it.

Using JavaScript language to modify page elements in Android applications, we need the help of WebView components. WebView component is a page display module provided by Android system, which is based on WebKit engine and can load web pages on the network or local page resources. Using WebView component, we can modify the attributes of page elements or add new elements through JavaScript, so as to achieve a customized interface display effect. The following is an example code for displaying an HTML page using the WebView component:

WebView webView = findViewById(; //Get WebView component webView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true); //Turn on JavaScript language support webView.loadUrl("file:///android_asset/index.html"); //Load local HTML page

When loading a local HTML page, the relative path should start with file://android _ asset/,and then follow the path relative to the asset directory. If you want to load a page on the network, you can use the loadUrl method directly. What we need to note here is that JavaScript language support is disabled by default in Android system, so it needs to be enabled in WebView component settings.

Next, we introduce some common page modification methods in JavaScript language. The first is to modify the text content, you can use the following code:

Document. getelementbyid ("text"). innerhtml = "new text content";

Among them, document.getElementById means to obtain the corresponding element object on the page according to the ID attribute of the element, and then modify the text content through the innerHTML attribute. If you want to modify other properties, such as the style properties of page elements, you can use the following code:

document.getElementById("element").style.color = "#f00";

Among them, style represents the style attribute object of the element, color represents the style attribute name, and "#f00" represents the attribute value, which is red. Similarly, if you want to add a new page element, you can use the following code:

var newElement = document.createElement("div"); //Create a new div element NewElement.innerText = "new text content"; //Set the text content of the element. document.body.appendChild(newElement); //Add elements to the page

In the above code, the createElement method means to create a new element object according to the tag name, then set the text content of the element through the innerText property, and finally add the element to the page by using the appendChild method. Through the above methods, we can easily modify the attributes of page elements or add new elements through JavaScript language.

In addition, modern development tools can provide a more convenient and efficient development experience. For example, the developer tools using Chrome browser can directly test and modify the properties of page elements on the simulator or real machine, and can also view the modified effect in real time, which is very convenient. The following is an example of modifying page elements using the developer tools of the Chrome browser:

First, start the Chrome browser on the developer and open the target page, then press F12 or open the developer tool through View-> Developer Tool option on the menu. Next, click the Select Element button on the toolbar, and then click an element on the page to display the attribute list and style list of the element on the developer tool. Here, we can modify the attributes or styles and see the modified effect in real time. For example, change the color value of the style attribute to red, change the text content to new text content, and change the width of page elements to 75%.

Finally, we need to note that modifying the attributes of page elements or adding new elements through JavaScript language may involve page security issues, so it needs to be handled with caution. In the actual development, we need to follow the relevant security specifications to ensure the security and stability of the application. In addition, we need to make appropriate adjustments to the relevant settings of WebView components, such as turning on JavaScript security mode, to avoid possible security risks.

Copyright Description:No reproduction without permission。

Knowledge sharing community for developers。

Let more developers benefit from it。

Help developers share knowledge through the Internet。

Follow us